The brake system of a vehicle is made up of several components that work together to slow down or stop the vehicle. Some of the main brake parts include:
1. Brake Pads: These are the friction material that presses against the rotor to create the necessary force to slow down or stop the vehicle.
2. Brake Calipers: These are the parts that hold the brake pads and apply pressure to the rotor to create the necessary friction to slow down or stop the vehicle.
3. Brake Rotors: These are the circular discs that the brake pads press against to create the necessary friction to slow down or stop the vehicle.
4. Brake Lines: These are the pipes that carry brake fluid from the master cylinder to the brake calipers. The brake fluid applies pressure to the calipers, which in turn apply pressure to the pads and rotors.
5. Master Cylinder: This is the device that converts the pressure applied to the brake pedal into hydraulic pressure that is transmitted through the brake lines to the calipers.
6. Brake Shoes: These are used in drum brake systems, where the shoes press against the inside of a drum to create friction and slow down or stop the vehicle.
7. Brake Drums: These are the cylindrical parts that the brake shoes press against to create friction and slow down or stop the vehicle in drum brake systems.
8. Brake Fluid: This is the liquid that transmits hydraulic pressure from the master cylinder to the brake calipers or drums. It is typically a type of hydraulic oil that can withstand high pressures and temperatures.